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GENERAL APPEARANCE.  Heavily bones, powerfully built, not too compact and never appearing short on leg.

CHARACTERISTICS.  Sled dog capable of surviving in Arctic temperatures and of pulling heavy loads at steady speed.

TEMPERAMENT  Affectionate, friendly, loyal, devoted companion but not a 'one man' dog, playful on invitation, generally impressive by his dignity after maturity but tends to show dominance to other dogs.

HEAD AND SKULL.  Head broad, powerful, not coarse, in proportion to size of dog.  Skull broad between ears, gradually narrowing to eyes, moderately rounded between ears, flattening on top as it approaches eye, rounding off to moderately flat cheeks.  Very slight but perceptable stop.  Muzzle large in proportion to size of skull, scarcely diminishing in width or depth from stop.  Nose black except in red and white dogs when it is brown.  Pink streaked 'snow nose' acceptable.

EYES. Brown and Almond-shaped, moderately large set obliquely.  Dark eyes preferred, except in red and white dogs where light eyes are permissible.  Blue eyes highly undesirable.

EARS. Small in proportion to head.  Triangular in shape, slightly rounded at tips, set wide apart, at back of skull.  Ears forward when erect.  When dog is working sometimes folded against skull.

MOUTH. Upper and lower jaws broad with large teeth, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, ie, upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw.

NECK. Strong and moderately arched.

FOREQUARTERS. Shoulders moderately sloping, forelegs heavily boned and well muscled, straight as far as pasterns which are short,strong and almost vertical viewed from side.

BODY. Strong and powerfully built, chest strong and deep, back straight but not level, sloping slightly downwards from shoulders to croup.  Loins well muscled, never so short as to interfere with movement.  No excess weight.

HINDQUARTERS. Hindlegs broad and powerfully muscled through thighs, stifles moderately bent, hock joints broad and strong, moderately bent and well let down.  Viewed from behind, hindlegs vertical, standing and moving true, in line with movement of front legs.  Legs indicate tremendous propelling power.  Dewclaws on hindlegs undesirable.

FEET. Large and compact, toes close, well arched, pads thick and tough, toenails short and strong. Protective growth of hair between toes.

TAIL. Moderately high set, following line of spine at start then curving gently upwards.  At rest may hang straight down.  well furred and carried over back when dog is working, not tightly curled to rest on back, nor short furred and carried like a fox brush, but giving appearance of a waving plume.

GAIT/MOVEMENT. Single tracking at trot is normal but movement not too wide or too close at any gait.  easy, tireless, rhythmic movement, produced by powerful drive from hindquarters.

COAT. Thick, coarse guard hair, not long and soft.  Dense undercoat, from 2.5 cms (1-2 ins) in depth, oily and woolly.  Coarse guard coat stands out, with thick fur around neck.  guard coat varies in length as does undercoat, but in general coat of medium length along side of body, increases somewhat around shoulders and neck, down back and over croup, as well as in breeching and plume.

COLOUR. Range is from light grey through intermediate shadings to black, or from gold through shades of red to liver, always with white on underbody, parts of legs, feet and part of mask markings.  Markings either caplike or masklike on face.  Combination of cap and mask not unusual.  White blaze on forehead, white collar, or a spot on nape permissable.  Heavy mantling of unbroken colour acceptable, broken colour extending over body in spots or uneven splashings undesirable.  Only solid colour permissable is all white.

SIZE. height, dogs, 64-71 cms (25-28 ins), bitches 58-66 (23-26ins).  weight between 38-56kgs (85-125lbs), size consideration not to outweigh type.

FAULTS. Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and effects upon the health and welfare of the dog

Note Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum..